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|Synonyms||Human nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1, NOD1|
|Disease Keywords||Gastric Adenocarcinoma, Helicobacter pylori infection|
NOD1 regulates host epithelial cell responses. Upregulates antimicrobial peptides of the beta-defensin (hBD) family secreted by epithelial cells. NOD1 is an intracellular pattern recognition receptor that mediates innate and adaptive immunity. NOD1 specifically recognises molecules with a D-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelic acid (iE-DAP) moiety, such as the Gram-negative bacterial cell wall component, peptidoglycan, which results in the activation of the NF-kB pathway and induction of cytokines via RIPK2 and IKK-gamma. Confers reactivity to bacterial liposaccharides (LPS) and confers immunity to viral and bacterial pathogens.
These cell lines have for example been used to study NOD1 responds to Helicobacter pylori infection. H. pylori causes chronic inflammation, a key precursor to gastric adenocarcinoma. AGS cells deficient in NOD1 can be used to model gastric adenocarcinoma in the context of various pathogens.
|Production Details||Human AGS NOD1 Knock-down (KD) cells were generated by integration of an expression vector containing a small interference RNA (siRNA) directed to the gene encoding the CARD domain of the NOD1 gene.|
|Research Area||Cancer, Cell Signaling & Signal Transduction, Immunology, Microbiology|
|Recommended Growing Conditions||RPMI with: 10% foetal calf serum; 1% penicillin-streptomycin; and 1% L-glutamine. Subculture cells every 2-3 days in ratios of 1:2-1:4 in T25 or T75 flasks.|
|Positive Control||Human AGS Control (clone siEGFP)|
|Notes||Recommended Freezing Composition: 90% (v/v) FCS - 10% (v/v) DMSO|
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